Japan Infrastructure – Nihonsun http://nihonsun.net/ Tue, 22 Nov 2022 03:19:17 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://nihonsun.net/wp-content/uploads/2021/06/icon-2-150x150.png Japan Infrastructure – Nihonsun http://nihonsun.net/ 32 32 Japan night bus operator sanctioned after ordering COVID-infected driver to work https://nihonsun.net/japan-night-bus-operator-sanctioned-after-ordering-covid-infected-driver-to-work/ Tue, 22 Nov 2022 02:54:14 +0000 https://nihonsun.net/japan-night-bus-operator-sanctioned-after-ordering-covid-infected-driver-to-work/

The government building housing the Kinki District Transportation Bureau can be seen in the Chuo district of Osaka. (Mainichi)

OSAKA – A long-distance night bus operator in western Japan was subject to an administrative penalty on Nov. 21 for putting a driver on duty after he was confirmed to be infected with the coronavirus, in the first such case in the country.

The Kinki District Transport Bureau of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism took administrative action against Sunshine Express, an express bus operator in Tambasasayama, Hyogo Prefecture, suspending the use of three buses for 30 days each.

According to the transport office, the bus driver in his 50s reported to the operator on the morning of August 8 that his PCR test had come back positive. However, the operator ordered him to drive a night bus from Tokyo to Osaka from August 8 the next morning. Up to 27 people were on board the bus, and it is unconfirmed whether they were infected with the coronavirus.

Authorities conducted an on-site inspection of the operator after receiving an anonymous report on August 9. The transport office determined that the operator had breached a ministerial order based on the Road Transport Act, which prohibits staff who cannot drive safely due to illness, fatigue or other factors. related to boarding vehicles.

The operator admitted the accusations were true and reportedly explained: “We received a report of the coronavirus infection, but we heard that the driver was not in bad condition. It was difficult to find a member of staff to replace him during the busy season. before Bon’s vacation.” He also told the Mainichi Shimbun, “We judged that the anti-coronavirus measures, such as putting up blackout curtains as a partition between the passenger seats and the driver’s seat, were sufficient. . Thinking about it now, they weren’t.”

(Japanese original by Kohei Shimizu, Osaka City News Department)

]]> Xi seeks diplomacy with Asian leaders https://nihonsun.net/xi-seeks-diplomacy-with-asian-leaders/ Sat, 19 Nov 2022 16:00:00 +0000 https://nihonsun.net/xi-seeks-diplomacy-with-asian-leaders/

Constructive relations with Japan and easing maritime clashes with the Philippines were two prospects that emerged after Xi held talks with their leaders.

Chinese President Xi Jinping (習近平) has used his first face-to-face meetings with US allies in the Asia-Pacific since 2020 to try to forge diplomatic inroads as Washington pushes back against Beijing’s influence in the region .

Xi has not backed down from China’s longstanding claims over Taiwan and most of the South China Sea, but his comments to various leaders at the APEC forum in Bangkok this week focused more on Beijing’s central economic role for its neighbours.

As China’s stature has grown, its diplomacy has become more nuanced than the heavy-handed approach that has sometimes sparked resentment in the past.

Photo: Kyodo via Reuters

“Xi Jinping’s diplomatic engagements and chorus of propaganda messages have sought to present a softer and more smiling facade in what appears to be an effort to reduce friction and tension, particularly with the United States and European countries. who have become increasingly critical, frustrated and committed to competing with China,” said Drew Thompson, a researcher at the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy at the National University of Singapore.

In his address to the annual APEC summit, Xi said, “China stands ready to pursue peaceful coexistence and common development with all countries on the basis of mutual respect, equality and mutual benefit. “.

China “will continue to share our development opportunities with the world, especially with the Asia-Pacific region,” he added.

Thompson said Xi’s reappearance on the world stage after remaining in China for more than two years during the pandemic “was reassuring to many countries that have sought to establish contact with the summit, perhaps the only decision maker in China”.

Leaders in Tokyo and Beijing may go years without meeting, reflecting longstanding grievances over Japan’s World War II occupation of China and other issues.

During a meeting Thursday with Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida in Bangkok, Xi stressed that the two countries should be “partners, not threats”.

Kishida told reporters after the 45-minute meeting that he had a “frank and detailed discussion” with Xi and expressed “serious concerns” about China’s activity in the East China Sea.

However, he also told Xi that there are various possibilities for cooperation and that it is important for Japan and China to achieve “constructive and stable” relations.

Meanwhile, Singapore must balance its economic ties with Washington and Beijing. The US Navy’s 7th Fleet plays an active role in the strategically key South China Sea, which China claims virtually in its entirety, and Singapore supports the US military presence.

During his meeting with Singaporean Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong (李顯龍), Xi pledged to work with the city-state whose population is largely ethnically Chinese to put it in “the right direction of economic integration and regional”.

In another bilateral meeting, Xi told Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos Jr, whose country is a treaty ally and an important security partner of the United States, that China is willing to increase imports of food and medicine. other products, and to work together on agriculture, infrastructure and energy. and interpersonal exchanges.

The Philippines, Vietnam and other Southeast Asian countries have long had territorial disputes with China over its claims in the South China Sea.

Xi appeared to hold nothing back during his meeting with Marcos, saying “on the South China Sea, the two sides should stick to friendly consultation and properly handle disputes and disputes.”

Afterwards, Marcos’ office said the two agreed that their maritime disputes “do not define the entirety of the Philippines-China relationship”, and that Marcos would pay a state visit to China in January.

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Deadly explosion in Poland shows heightened risk of escalation https://nihonsun.net/deadly-explosion-in-poland-shows-heightened-risk-of-escalation/ Thu, 17 Nov 2022 06:43:50 +0000 https://nihonsun.net/deadly-explosion-in-poland-shows-heightened-risk-of-escalation/

Tuesday night’s intense reaction to the probable false alarm of a Russian missile hitting NATO ally Poland was a sobering reminder – if it were needed – of the risks that an already brutal conflict in Ukraine could escalate into a larger war that brings Russia and NATO into a military confrontation.

There are basically two concerns. The first is that a long and bitter war with forces fighting on the ground, and missiles and shells flying through the air, will create accidents and incidents that can become something bigger – for example, if it were clear that Russia had struck a NATO country, albeit by accident, as was the initial fear Tuesday night.

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Where is the iPhone made? From components to final assembly https://nihonsun.net/where-is-the-iphone-made-from-components-to-final-assembly/ Sun, 13 Nov 2022 19:04:03 +0000 https://nihonsun.net/where-is-the-iphone-made-from-components-to-final-assembly/

David Imel / Android Authority

It goes without saying that the iPhone is the most recognized smartphone in the world. Apple ships nearly a quarter of a billion units each year and the company has a market share of nearly 20%. With so many phones surging year after year, you might be wondering: where is the iPhone made and how does the latest model reach customers so quickly with each generation? Let’s break it down.

Before assembly: Where do the components of the iPhone come from?

iphone exploded view ifixit

Although it is tempting to take the Made in China text on an iPhone at face value, not everything that goes into making an Apple product comes from one place.

The iPhone screen, for example, is made by Samsung or LG in South Korea. The flash memory and DRAM, on the other hand, probably come from Kioxia’s factories in Japan. And the Gorilla Glass that protects the screen could come from a Corning factory in the United States, Taiwan or Japan. Apple’s A-series SoC, on the other hand, is a custom silicon designed in California but manufactured by Taiwanese company TSMC. And we’ve barely scratched the surface with this list so far.

The iPhone relies on electronic components from various countries, including the United States.

Apple also relies on third parties for smaller, sometimes custom-made components, such as power management ICs, USB microcontrollers, wireless chipsets and OLED drivers. These can come from large companies such as Broadcom and Texas Instruments as well as smaller Southeast Asian manufacturers. Elsewhere in the world, Apple has even tried to get raw cobalt directly from miners to ensure shortages don’t affect its ability to make iPhone batteries.

The choice of supplier is very important and it is not only for quality control reasons either. Apple, along with other Silicon Valley giants, has been accused of relying on child labor and unethical mining practices to cut costs. Needless to say, such allegations could lead to costly lawsuits and negative publicity for the company.

Final production: where are iPhones made and assembled?

apple iphone 14 plus standing back

Ryan Haines/Android Authority

With singular components out of the way, who made the iPhone before it came to you? Factories in China once assembled every iPhone, but that’s starting to change now.

However, most of the factories dedicated to assembling the iPhone remain in China. The largest, operated by manufacturing partner Foxconn, is located in Zhengzhou and employs more than 300,000 people. In many ways, the complex looks more like a mini-city than a typical industrial site. This is not surprising considering that Foxconn is said to have assembled over half a million iPhones here in a single day. But that may not last forever as Apple seeks to move some production to neighboring countries like India and Vietnam.

Apple has recently diversified its iPhone production outside of China, with India and Vietnam emerging as top picks.

Apple isn’t the only consumer electronics company to branch out outside of China lately. Samsung and Xiaomi have also found great success in other Asian countries. The China Plus One strategy has become a popular business strategy as businesses seek to reduce operating costs and reduce reliance on a single region.

Both Asian countries offer advantages to foreign investors looking to set up manufacturing facilities. They also provide geopolitical and economic stability – factors that have severely affected Apple’s iPhone production in China. These bottlenecks even forced the company to issue a press release warning of longer wait times for deliveries.

Why does Apple assemble products in Vietnam?

Vietnam is strategically located for global shipping – the country is in geographic proximity to existing Apple supply chain anchors such as China, Taiwan, Japan and others. It also has free trade agreements with other East Asian countries and is a member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). Finally, Vietnam’s entire economy is based on exports. From agricultural products to clothing to electronics, the country has benefited greatly from the diversification of Western companies outside of China.

Apple moves a large part of iPad, Macbook and Airpods production to Vietnam.

Apple isn’t completely new to Vietnam either – the company has already assembled smaller products like wired EarPods in the country. And according to a source cited by Nikkei, Apple started assembling the AirPods in Vietnam in March 2020. This was quickly followed by the high-end AirPods Pro. Now, Apple is also transferring a significant percentage of iPad, MacBook and Apple Watch production to Vietnam.

The Cupertino giant plans to achieve these goals through its manufacturing partners Foxconn, Pegatron and Wistron. According to local reports, Apple had started assembly at 11 factories run by various manufacturing companies in Vietnam in early 2022. At that time, Foxconn also obtained a license from the Vietnamese government to build a $270 million assembly plant. dollars in the province of Bac. Giang, less than 80 km from the capital Hanoi. The facility would have enough capacity to ship eight million laptops and tablets per year.

Why is the iPhone now made in India?

Foxconn Logo

India, Apple’s second-favorite manufacturing destination, offers strong incentives for local manufacturing compared to many of its neighbors. The government Made in India initiative was a resounding success. In 2020, it launched a $6 billion production-linked incentive program that rewards brands for establishing domestic manufacturing of smartphones and electronic components.

Android brands such as Xiaomi, Oppo and Samsung have already joined the Make in India initiative through a combination of in-house and third-party manufacturing facilities. Some examples of the latter include Bharat FIH and Dixon Technologies, which assemble Xiaomi and Samsung smartphones.

Given these successes, it’s no surprise that Apple is aiming to follow suit. It also helps that its biggest partner, Foxconn, already has a strong presence in India. The aforementioned Bharat FIH is a subsidiary of Foxconn Technology Group.

The Indian government is offering smartphone makers various financial incentives to set up domestic factories.

Apple’s decision to move its assembly lines to India could also boost iPhone market share in the region. Currently, India levies a 22% customs duty on imported smartphones. This makes the iPhone significantly more expensive in the country than in most Western markets.

With local production, however, Apple can avoid those high import fees and could pass the savings on to consumers. In fact, the company has already followed this strategy with previous generation iPhone models, which it is already assembling in the country. Even though the latest iPhone sells for a premium price in India, older models often get steep discounts, likely due to the aforementioned tax breaks.

By assembling the iPhone in India, Apple can avoid high import fees and gain market share in the domestic market.

With iPhone 14, Apple started assembling current generation iPhone models in India for the first time. The company tapped Foxconn for the work, specifically at the latter’s Sriperumbudur plant in the state of Tamil Nadu. However, Apple only chose to move a small percentage of its iPhone 14 production from China to India – around 5% right after launch.

Who will make Apple products like the iPhone in the future?

Purple apple logo

Robert Triggs/Android Authority

Even with Apple’s migration to South and East Asia, the bulk of the company’s production facilities will remain in China. Several key electronic components still come from the region. Moreover, China still has a lot of manufacturing infrastructure already in place. However, the country’s dominance will likely diminish over time. Nonetheless, Apple’s existing factory partners will benefit either way, as they will continue to build and operate facilities even outside of China.

We’ve already covered why Apple might want to move assembly to Vietnam and India in the coming years. Financial forecasts expect the transition to happen sooner rather than later. A JPMorgan analyst said the following in a note to the company’s clients:

Vietnam is becoming the production hub for components (camera modules) and EMS of smaller volume products (Apple Watch, Mac, iPad) and is already a major destination for manufacturing AirPods. For iPhone EMS, India seems to be the place to diversify the supply chain outside of China.

The analyst further estimated that Apple will relocate around 25% of its iPhone production to India and 65% of AirPods assembly to Vietnam by 2025. Other products that could also see some assemblies leave China include iPad, MacBook and Apple Watch.

To conclude, there is no single answer as to where the iPhone is made. While final assembly only takes place in two or three countries, individual components and raw materials for the iPhone are sourced from almost every corner of the world.

]]> Foreign tourists to Japan in October jumped 15 times from September to 288,900 https://nihonsun.net/foreign-tourists-to-japan-in-october-jumped-15-times-from-september-to-288900/ Fri, 11 Nov 2022 05:03:36 +0000 https://nihonsun.net/foreign-tourists-to-japan-in-october-jumped-15-times-from-september-to-288900/

The number of foreign tourists arriving in Japan in October increased more than fivefold from the previous month to 288,909, government data showed on Friday, as the country lifted nearly all COVID-19-related entry restrictions on 11 october.

From October 1 to 10, the daily number of foreign tourists entering Japan was around 1,900, but rose to around 12,900 after the government removed its cap on daily arrivals and its ban on individual and non-individual travel. organized, according to the Japan Tourism Agency. .

The agency compiled the preliminary figures based on data from the Japan Immigration Services Agency, revealing them at a meeting of the ruling Liberal Democratic Party.

As of Monday, the number of foreign tourists to Japan in November was 140,315, the agency said.

“Many tourist destinations are seeing more travelers than at the same time last year,” Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism Minister Tetsuo Saito told a press conference.

In October 2019, before the pandemic, the number of foreign tourists to Japan exceeded 2 million.

The government has lifted entry restrictions that required foreign tourists to travel on package tours and obtain a visa if they are citizens of one of the 68 countries and regions with which Japan had a visa agreement. waiver before the pandemic, according to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

India is building its climate resilience; Europe should support – EURACTIV.com https://nihonsun.net/india-is-building-its-climate-resilience-europe-should-support-euractiv-com/ Tue, 08 Nov 2022 11:04:30 +0000 https://nihonsun.net/india-is-building-its-climate-resilience-europe-should-support-euractiv-com/

Resilience is not the absence of shocks; the true measure of resilience is how quickly a society, economy or regime can rebound. The world’s major economies continue to be rocked by a lingering pandemic, raging conflict, rising energy costs and a looming recession.

Doctor Arunabha Gosh is CEO of the Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW), one of the world’s leading climate think tanks, and a member of the United Nations Secretary-General’s High-Level Panel on Emissions Commitments net zero of non-state entities. Nandini Harihar is a research analyst at CEEW.

Although the International Monetary Fund has described India’s economy as a “shining light”. But to become a $10 trillion economy by 2030, India needs to insulate against regional and global shocks. Into this milieu come the ongoing challenges posed by climate change. As we approach another round of climate negotiations (COP27 in Egypt), India and the European Union will continue to negotiate long-standing issues of finance and technology. But there is also an opportunity for both parties to find common ground and define a common goal when it comes to climate resilience.

It is evident that the Earth is warming at an alarming rate with consequences for all regions. Globally, August 2022 was Earth’s sixth hottest month in 143 years. For Europe and North America, this is the hottest August on record; fourth hottest for Asia.

India has already seen extremes this year, including the hottest summer since 1901 and the hottest March on record. India’s meteorological department has issued heatwave warnings for at least five states. World Weather Attribution estimates that the likelihood of such an event in 2022 has been increased by around thirty times due to climate change. After long periods of drought, India also experienced one of the wettest Octobers.

Meanwhile, the average temperature on land across Europe has risen by 1.94°C to 2.01°C compared to pre-industrial times, according to the European Environment Agency. In 2022, almost every country and over 60% of the European continent was affected by varying degrees of drought, when such conditions were not expected until 2050. Studies estimate that the UK is now 10 times more likely to reach 40°C than in the pre-industrial era. Temperatures also exceeded 40°C in France, 45°C in Spain and 46°C in Portugal, with Belgium experiencing its hottest August since measurements began in 1833. More than 660,000 hectares of forest have burned since January.

The climate crisis is not just about heat waves, droughts and heavy rains. These are the direct impacts. The broader challenges emerge on four fronts, namely human security, food security, infrastructure impacts and macroeconomic pressures. It is also important to recognize the efforts made to build resilience.

First, extreme weather conditions continue to have fatal consequences, affecting lives and livelihoods. But India has successfully used early warning systems to save lives. While the 1999 Odisha Super Cyclone claimed around 10,000 lives, the 2020 Super Cyclone Amphan (of similar intensity) claimed less than 100 lives in India. This year more than 1.3 million people have been evacuated from Assam, Gujarat, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh due to a monsoon season sporadic and intense. This is a huge administrative effort, but it is certainly not without cost.

Drought conditions in Punjab, UP, Bihar and Jharkhand have severely affected croplands and killed livestock. In addition, extreme heat conditions this summer destroyed 10-15% of wheat crops in northern India. Although India is a food surplus and food exporter, agricultural shocks increase food price inflation, hitting the poor hardest and creating policy dilemmas regarding continued exports. In France, the corn harvest decreased by almost 18.5% compared to 2021 and the wheat yield was also significantly lower, due to the driest July. France is currently Europe’s third-largest wheat exporter after Russia and Ukraine, so production cuts threaten food security elsewhere.

Governments can no longer pretend that extreme events are unpredictable and must adopt national and subnational climate action plans. Nineteen Indian states have developed national heat action plans, and more are underway. Maharashtra plans to change market hours, provide public shelters, spray mist in public places and keep ice packs in public health centres. The City of Ahmedabad’s Heat Action Plan includes best practices for heat alert and adaptation systems. Karnataka’s state plan includes warnings about when to halt all outdoor work. In July 2022, Tamil Nadu launched district-level climate change missions in its 38 districts.

Over the past three years, India has suffered damage worth $7.2 billion, equivalent to almost a third of the infrastructure budget for roads and highways, due to extreme weather events such as floods. The actual cost will likely be higher since this figure reflects data from only 70% of states. India aims to invest $1.5 trillion in infrastructure (at par with China and Japan) in this decade. It is working on plans to develop cyclone-resistant power distribution and transmission infrastructure in its cyclone-hit eastern and western states to ensure uninterrupted electricity supply and support services. emergency. Highly climate-affected states such as Odisha have already taken steps to minimize damage to the low-voltage grid through preventive maintenance and precautionary measures.

Repeated and increasing climatic shocks also increase the fiscal burden. Odisha on the coast, for example, allocated $131 million to its environment and climate department this fiscal year, but had to set aside a larger amount ($505 million) for disaster management. disasters and flood control. Such distortion of the fiscal burden diverts resources from other investments in sustainable infrastructure. According to one estimate, even before the Paris Agreement, India’s central and state governments were already spending around $92 billion on various programs related to climate adaptation. As climate risks increase, governments will need to find resources to deal with immediate shocks and invest in long-term resilience.

With both India and the EU battling historic weather extremes this year, here are four ways to build climate resilience together.

First, cooperate on people-centred early warning systems. Hyperlocal risk assessments would help local governments understand the exposure of specific geographic areas to climate extremes and also predict hazards. Early warning systems, based on credible sources of public communication, would then be needed to empower people to respond to disasters, including forming first responder groups. Early warning is also a tool to improve administrative preparedness and could help mitigate infrastructure and economic losses.

Second, regulators in Europe and India can work together to build a robust climate risk disclosure system for companies and financial institutions. Several major economies are making regulatory changes to companies announcing net zero. Disclosure requirements in the EU, India (but also China, Japan, UK and proposed in the US) could benefit from less fragmentation and greater consistency. A dialogue is needed between the major economies on the issue of net zero regulation, but also with a view to having standardized metrics to assess exposure to climate risks.

Third, the EU should actively engage as a member of the Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure, which India has been promoting. CDRI’s scope includes risk and resilience assessments, technical standards for resilient infrastructure, and a sectoral focus on energy, airports, and telecommunications. For every dollar invested in climate-resilient infrastructure, six dollars can be saved. The International Labor Organization also estimates that every million dollars invested in climate- and disaster-resilient infrastructure can create more than 650 jobs. Resilient infrastructure can reduce the extent of loss and damage, improve adaptive capacity, and facilitate faster economic recovery.

Fourth, to manage macroeconomic shocks induced by climate change, the EU and India, along with other major economies, should promote a global resilience reserve fund. Capitalized through special drawing rights, such a fund could serve as a cushion against the shocks that extreme weather events impose on vulnerable economies. India’s G20 Presidency provides an opportunity to start working on creating such a buffer for macroeconomic stability.

Climate change is the second biggest challenge facing humanity. The biggest challenge is a lack of empathy, a lack of understanding of the conditions of other humans in another geography. 2022 has reminded us of the common dangers we face, but has shown how even the most vulnerable are fighting back. Once it engenders a sense of empathy, Europe can find common cause with India’s responses. Together, the two economic powerhouses can pave the way for collective resilience that others can follow.

AIFF: Aim High, Fail https://nihonsun.net/aiff-aim-high-fail/ Sat, 05 Nov 2022 17:03:48 +0000 https://nihonsun.net/aiff-aim-high-fail/

When the U-17 Women’s World Cup ended, the headlines were already talking about the potential next big event in India. The Football Federation of India has had no shortage of eye-catching titles over the years, but a suggestion by newly elected president Kalyan Chaubey to explore the idea of ​​hosting the FIFA World Cup was perhaps the most ambitious of all.

Aspirational, certainly. A wandering thought, perhaps. Over the past five years, India has hosted three major international competitions, two global and one continental – the U-17 Men’s and Women’s World Cup and the AFC Women’s Asian Cup. India is also in the running – along with Saudi Arabia – to host the Asian Men’s Cup in 2027. FIFA and AFC chiefs say they are ‘focusing on India’ . The government has also shown its willingness to support sports activities. The pieces are all there.

Or perhaps talk of hosting the biggest sporting event in the world is another talk of which the AIFF, certainly its previous incarnation, is guilty. Board members have thrown around names, plans and numbers with little thought and follow through over the years. Long term plans changed to short term. Development discussions and predictions of imminent World Cup qualifying – predictably still eight years in the future, lest they be caught out before they have another chance to extend the schedule – have flowed freely.

The AIFF has successfully hosted major events. At least for now, it looks like the trend is continuing.

A relevant question: far from qualifying on merit, India is certainly entitled to try to host these events, but what legacy have these events left?

“There’s the perceived legacy and the reality of the legacy. Most countries hope there will be a legacy in hosting World Cups – sometimes it’s infrastructure or a chance for the federation to push on his government to get more funding or improve the level of play in the country,” says Tom Bryer, youth coach and author of Football Starts At Home, who currently works in Japan.

Let’s break it down then shall we?

The 2017 U-17 World Cup was held in six stadiums: Kolkata, Kochi, New Delhi, Guwahati, Navi Mumbai and Margao. The stadiums have had a facelift, not to mention the renovation/addition of 26 training grounds. According to several reports, Rs 95 crore has been spent on infrastructure development.

The latter two also hosted the U-17 Women’s World Cup five years later with Bhubaneswar, while the Women’s Asia Cup earlier this year was held in Mumbai, Navi Mumbai and Pune.

There will be no shortage of stadiums should India host major events. It was also learned that although maintenance has been a challenge, most of the training facilities also remain in use – some for the public and some for training football and other sports.

The hope when hosting an event is also to give the home team an edge and progress well in the tournament, much like South Korea reaching the semi-finals when they hosted the Cup world, with Japan, in 2002.

In the three events they have hosted, India have finished bottom of their groups, losing all six games while conceding 25 goals in the two World Cups. They only scored one goal. India’s Women’s Asian Cup ended in calamity with the team’s bio-bubble ruptured – thanks to a litany of organizational issues – after the first game and were kicked out of the tournament.

India are not at the level to participate in the events and their performances should be looked at with that in mind. No amount of targeted training can bridge this chasm.

The federation tried. The 2017 men’s squad, more specifically the “likely” team of 40-50 players, traveled a dozen countries on “exhibition tours” and played 60 friendlies as well as competitions.

According to the Annual Training and Competition Calendar (ACTC) 2016-17, Rs 8.3 crore was granted for World Cup preparation of which Rs 4.59 crore was earmarked for attendance and exposure international and Rs 1.59 crore at the domestic camp between April 2016 and March 2017. Overall, more than Rs 9 crore was reportedly spent on exhibition tours.

Alarmingly, in the three years leading up to the World Cup in 2017, AIFF’s overall grassroots development budget was Rs 3.15 crore. Of the 21 members of the World Cup squad, only four have played more than 45 games in the Indian Super League in five years.

“There are no such funds,” a state association official said dryly when asked about the AIFF’s aid to states for football development. “So far they haven’t allocated any funds to any state. All the budget they have and nothing comes back to the states.”

In a welcome move on Thursday, the AIFF – now under a new regime – pledged Rs 24 lakh to states to conduct football business and develop the game.

According to the ACTC 2020, preparing the women’s team for the Asian Cup – including domestic camp, international training, competition and exhibition tours – costs around Rs 2.5 crore. is the expense of under 40 players whose opportunity was sorely lost due to the tournament debacle.

Meanwhile, more than Rs 1.1 crore has been spent preparing the women’s squad – again a camp of around 50 players – for the U-17 World Cup. Not to mention the money spent to organize the event.

With the national structure of women’s football held together by a whim and a prayer, unless there is a structural change, the future of the players is perilous, as is the investment.

What is mentioned above is the money allocated by the Sports Authority of India. The AIFF budget also includes funds from FIFA, AFC and sponsors. Can anyone blame SAI for cutting AIFF funding citing poor performance?

While the AIFF was spending freely – focusing on a small group of players destined to wear the Indian jersey for major events – football in India has improved little, and the country is still languishing around the 100 mark. ranks. There is also little evidence that any of these events caused a noticeable increase in the interest or standard of football.

Football chiefs seem to be making an oft-repeated mistake and in many places, including India, have performed poorly when it comes to development.

“If the team is doing well, then there is hope. India have had great tournaments but the question is about performance. Are the players and coaches improving?” Bryer asks.

“In some countries there is a football culture that is conducive to player development. Often other countries focus on the elite, but in reality you have to invest a lot in families and parents.”

Scott O’Donnell, AIFF’s former technical director who left in 2017, agrees.

“One of the challenges in India was that not many states were holding competitions. Those that did, it wasn’t very long,” he says.

“I’m not a big fan of organizing events for fun. I was there for the preparation for the Boys U-17 World Cup. The money spent on this team… they traveled everywhere. .. can you imagine what that money could have done for boys and girls if it had been spent on coach education and grassroots football?” asks O’Donnell, now a member of the Football Association of Malaysia (FAM).

The Australian – it must be said – has resigned from his post at the AIFF.

“It’s great that they invest in the infrastructure. Why not invest in it without having to organize these competitions? A lot of countries that don’t have the infrastructure invest in player development and coach education.”

Japan and South Korea – now World Cup regulars and powerhouses in Asia – took the long view and stuck to the basics. Something for India to learn.

According to Bryer, grassroots football in Japan is a voluntary system. Children between the ages of 6 and 12 are coached by volunteers and parents on school grounds and in clubs.

The Japan Football Association has created a movement to emphasize the importance of focusing on technique for the younger age group by using television, magazines, comics, events, school programs and newspapers to transmit the message. The coaching and tactics part comes later.

In India too, it has been proven to work on a small scale, with Mizoram and Manipur being the biggest examples.

FAM, meanwhile, has launched youth competitions in eight Malaysian states, soon to be more, starting with age groups U-6 to U-16.

In India, about 15 states do not play grassroots football and face no consequences from the national body, sources say.

India has opted for a top-down, national team-centric model of football. However, without a strong nationwide football culture, large talent pool, low match count and scattered youth development, financial and technical planning, we ran blind, bouncing from one wall to wall.

So what is the legacy of hosting these major events and possibly more? Time will tell, but we might not like it.

Stronger ties boost Japanese investment in India https://nihonsun.net/stronger-ties-boost-japanese-investment-in-india/ Thu, 03 Nov 2022 10:29:31 +0000 https://nihonsun.net/stronger-ties-boost-japanese-investment-in-india/

In 2020-2021, India attracted its highest foreign direct investment (FDI) of $81.97 billion, despite the disruption caused by the covid-19 pandemic. Indeed, according to a report published by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, India was the world’s seventh largest recipient of FDI in 2021-22.

India’s FDI legal regime is key to attracting foreign investors. The Department of Promotion of Industrial and Internal Trade (DPIIT) is the nodal authority under the Foreign Exchange and Management Act of 1999 (FEMA), responsible for formulating FDI policy. The DPIIT has issued press releases over the years which, together with the 2020 Consolidated FDI Policy, constitute the FDI Policy.

Samiron Borkataky
Kochar & Co.

Under this policy, FDI is prohibited in sectors such as lotteries, gambling and betting, manufacture of cigars, tobacco and tobacco substitutes, atomic energy and railway operations. Apart from the aforementioned sectors, FDI is permitted either through the automatic route or through the government approval route, where government approval is required for FDI in certain sectors. In addition, sector caps prescribe the amount of FDI allowed in particular sectors. Recently, the government liberalized FDI in insurance companies, allowing investment up to 74% under the automatic route; in telecom services up to 100% under the automatic route and in defense up to 74% under the automatic route.

In October 2019, the Ministry of Finance introduced the Foreign Exchange (Non-Debt Instruments) Management Rules (Rules), 2019, regulating foreign investment in India through, among others, equity instruments, equity investments in limited liability companies, investments in investment funds, real estate investment funds and infrastructure investment funds and the acquisition of real estate. Under the rules, a person residing outside India can subscribe, buy or sell equity instruments of an Indian company, subject to entry routes, sector caps and other conditions in the rules. and politics. The rules also govern downstream investment, i.e. when an investment is made by an Indian entity that has total foreign investment there. Any investment by foreign-owned or foreign-controlled companies must comply with applicable pricing guidelines and other conditions prescribed in the rules.

Atman Shukla
Kochar & Co.

Besides being the preferred destination for foreign investment in the world, India is now an emerging manufacturing hub. The country ranks 63rd on the ease of doing business index, according to the World Bank. Japan is the fifth largest foreign investor in India, with key sectors being automotive, food processing, chemical companies, renewable energy, textiles, and electronic systems design and manufacturing. To facilitate these investments by Japanese companies, the government has put in place several programs and incentives. These include a Japan Plus Desk, which expedites investment proposals from Japan; Japan Industrial Townships, which are 12 industrial townships allocated to Japanese companies to set up manufacturing, and the Japan-India Start-up Hub, an online platform to support collaborations between Indian and Japanese stakeholders such as start-ups. ups, investors and incubators. The government has also eased the burden of regulatory compliance by introducing a national one-stop-shop system as well as a regulatory compliance portal, providing easy access to information needed to start businesses in various sectors.

Covid-19 has raised concerns among Japanese investors over areas such as interstate movement of workers, new proposed labor law amendments, payment of debts of large corporations and utility companies, and access from businesses to aid facilities for the reopening of industrial establishments, which the government has urgently addressed. However, strong economic relations between India and Japan have been confirmed by the India-Japan Partnership for Industrial Competitiveness effective from 2019, between the Japanese Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry and the DPIIT. This aimed to identify and reduce barriers to investment in Japan in specific industrial sectors, particularly in the context of covid-19.

Going forward, the two countries intend to marry their core strengths by combining Japan’s strong financial strength and access to global markets with India’s strong IT expertise. This has great potential to benefit both countries.

Samiron Borkataky is a partner and Aatman Shukla is a partner at Kochhar & Co.


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Asia-Pacific Proton Therapy Market Report 2022: Increase in https://nihonsun.net/asia-pacific-proton-therapy-market-report-2022-increase-in/ Mon, 31 Oct 2022 10:53:37 +0000 https://nihonsun.net/asia-pacific-proton-therapy-market-report-2022-increase-in/

Dublin, Oct. 31, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — The “Asia Pacific Proton Therapy Market Size, Share and Trend Analysis Report by Product Type, Indication (CNS Cancer, Prostate Cancer, Head & Neck Cancer, Breast Cancer & Others), By End User, By Country & Growth Forecast, 2022 – 2028″ has been added to from ResearchAndMarkets.com offer.

The Asia-Pacific proton therapy market is expected to witness a market growth of 13.3% CAGR during the forecast period (2022-2028).

High-quality imaging for daily tumor contour assessment, treatment planning software that shows dose distributions in 3D, and a variety of system configurations, such as multiple treatment rooms connected to an accelerator, are all characteristics of modern proton systems. The number of hospitals offering proton therapy continues to grow, partly because of these technological advances and partly because of the growing body of clinical data related to proton therapy.

A method called FLASH radiation, which uses extremely high dose rates for photon and proton treatments, is currently under development. If used in a clinical setting, it could reduce the number of treatments needed to just one to three one-second sessions, further minimizing side effects.

Some of the major factors influencing the regional market include an increase in the prevalence of cancer, an increase in government measures to develop healthcare infrastructure, and an increase in the number of people prone to various chronic diseases. Moreover, the development and approval of products for proton therapy could benefit the market growth in advanced countries like Japan. Growing healthcare infrastructure and improved government initiatives are expected to enable regional market players to increase their offerings and get the highest revenue share possible.

The Chinese market led the Asia-Pacific proton therapy market by country in 2021 and is expected to continue to be a dominant market through 2028; thereby reaching a market value of $74,530.9 thousand by 2028. The Japanese market is poised to witness a CAGR of 12.6% during (2022 – 2028). Moreover, the Indian market is witnessing a CAGR of 14% during (2022 – 2028).

Based on product type, the market is segmented into accelerator, beam delivery system, beam transport system, nozzle and image viewers, and patient positioning system. Based on the indication, the market is segmented into CNS cancer, prostate cancer, head and neck cancer, breast cancer and others. Based on end user, the market is segmented into hospitals, proton therapy centers and others. Based on country, the market is segmented into China, Japan, India, South Korea, Singapore, Malaysia, and Rest of Asia Pacific.

The market research report covers the analysis of major market players. Key companies profiled in the report are Toshiba Corporation, Siemens Healthineers AG (Siemens AG), Ion Beam Applications SA, Hitachi, Ltd., Mirion Technologies, Inc., Mevion Medical Systems, Inc., Provision Healthcare, Sumitomo Corporation, and Optivus Proton Therapy. , Inc.

Scope of the study
Market Segments Covered in the Report:
By product type

  • Accelerator
  • beam delivery system
  • Beam transport system
  • Nozzle and image viewers
  • Patient positioning system

By indication

  • CNS cancer
  • Prostate cancer
  • Head and neck cancer
  • Breast cancer
  • Others

Per end user

  • Hospitals
  • Proton therapy centers
  • Others

By country

  • China
  • Japan
  • India
  • South Korea
  • Singapore
  • Malaysia
  • Rest of Asia-Pacific

Unique Publisher Offers

  • Comprehensive coverage
  • The largest number of tables and figures on the market
  • Subscription model available
  • Best price guaranteed
  • After-sales research support provided with 10% free customization

Main topics covered:

Chapter 1. Market Scope and Methodology

Chapter 2. Market Overview

Chapter 3. Strategies deployed in the Proton Therapy Market

Chapter 4. Asia-Pacific Proton Therapy Market by Product Type

Chapter 5. Asia-Pacific Proton Therapy Market by Indication

Chapter 6. Asia Pacific Proton Therapy Market by End User

Chapter 7. Asia-Pacific Proton Therapy Market by Country

Chapter 8. Business Profiles

Companies cited

  • Toshiba Company
  • Siemens Healthineers AG (Siemens AG)
  • Ion Beam Applications SA
  • Hitachi, Ltd.
  • Mirion Technologies, Inc.
  • Mevision Medical Systems, Inc.
  • Provide health care
  • Sumitomo Company
  • Optivus Proton Therapy, Inc.

For more information about this report visit https://www.researchandmarkets.com/r/1agqfz

		“JICA projects to help Indian private sector break into Southeast Asia”
		Tue, 25 Oct 2022 17:40:12 +0000


NEW DELHI : Key infrastructure projects funded by Japan, such as the port of Matarbari in Bangladesh, should provide an entry point for Indian companies to set up in Southeast Asia, said the senior vice president of the ‘Japan International Cooperation Agency, Nakazawa Keiichiro. By establishing a deep-water port in Bangladesh, JICA hopes to connect India’s northeastern states with markets in the Bay of Bengal region, Keiichiro said in an interview. In an in-depth review of Japan’s global development assistance plans, JICA hailed India’s contributions to infrastructure construction in East Africa. This comes as the Japanese development agency seeks to increase its global investment in private sector projects to $15 billion in the coming years, with a focus on Indian projects. Edited excerpts:

What projects is JICA currently seeking to promote in India?

JICA has worked in India since the late 1950s. In the early decades, we helped import electrical equipment and build many power projects to help industrialize the country. During the economic crisis of 1991, we provided $300 million in balance of payments support. Today, most of our collaboration with India is in the infrastructure sector. We are also proud of our forest restoration projects.

What projects do you have for the future?

Looking to the future, we are certainly looking at renewable energy projects. India seeks to achieve net zero emissions by 2070 and also wants to provide electricity to the most vulnerable sections of society. Renewable technologies such as green hydrogen and carbon capture technology are being explored globally, but we are very keen to help introduce these technologies once they are economically viable.

We are also looking to increase our cooperation with the private sector. Even though our loans are concessional, the Indian government is careful not to increase the level of debt too much. We will now seek to finance or make equity investments in private projects.

We have been doing this since 2011 and have six projects in the works with a total exposure of $400-500 million. Most of these projects fall into the area of ​​social impact. Overall, we have committed approximately $10 billion to private sector projects and we plan to increase this amount to $15 billion over the next few years.

Some JICA projects like the port of Matarbari seemed very promising for the district. What is the thinking behind these connectivity efforts?

The development of the Bay of Bengal is very important for India and other countries in the region like Bangladesh, Myanmar and Thailand. We are helping the government of Bangladesh to build the port of Matarbari because the country does not currently have a good deep water port. With Matarbari, we would have a port that could be used by the government and the Indian private sector as a central point to deliver goods to parts of Southeast Asia.

We hear about the possibility of a global recession looming in Europe and America. What impact is this likely to have on your organization’s projects in India?

I just participated in the annual meeting of the IMF and the World Bank in Washington last week. The good news is that even though the global economy is uncertain due to inflation and the war in Ukraine, India’s growth will be very strong by many estimates. The Asian Development Bank estimates it will be around 7%. India has been and will be an engine of global growth. JICA will seek to support this growth. India is a very important country not only for Japan but for the world.

India and Japan have also cooperated to build infrastructure globally. How successful have these efforts been?

In parts of East Africa like Kenya which speak English, many members of the Indian diaspora live and work in these parts of the world. As such, India has a great knowledge of the culture and what needs to be done. So there is an opportunity for India and Japan to work together to provide good infrastructure. In these countries, populations are scattered rather than densely concentrated. This means that good quality infrastructure, such as a road network system, is lacking. This is a real opportunity for India and Japan to collaborate.

One gets the impression that Japan has been more successful in using official aid in India than other countries like the United States. What explains the success of your country?

There are several reasons. Few countries in North America and Europe have concessional lending facilities. Germany and France have some of these facilities, but not as large a program as ours. Japan has used infrastructure loans in our own history and understands the need for this type of concessional financing among developing countries. Since there is such a long history of cooperation between our two countries, there is also a lot of trust. We are also getting used to working with our counterparts in Indian government agencies. We work together from the planning phase of the project through to eventual implementation.


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